Constructing diagrams within the foundations, woodwork, and flooring of houses was a practice of African slaves adept at "hoodoo," a magical science using plants and other materials to influence behavior and luck. Excavation of the William Brice House in Anapolis, Maryland has recovered the first intact cosmogram used in the colonial U.S.

(note: not the plan or cosmogram of the Brice House)

hoodoo logic

Although "hoodoo" is regarded as a derogatory term applied by whites, it has been taken into the popular culture vocabulary of musicians, historians, and even practitioners of hoodoo.

© 2012, Donald Kunze, all rights reserved